Overview of Eskobastion

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Citing internet-based newspaper articles

Quote From 4matt:

How should I cite this in a lit review/references section, and how should I enter it in EndNote?


Depends on which referencing system is used in your department.. ;-)

Below are some examples relating to Harvard APA referencing system:

References section:

McKeown, S. (2007, March 20). Words of encouragement. The Guardian. Retrieved June 18, 2007, from http://education.guardian.co.uk/elearning/story/0,,2037520,00.html

McKeown (2007) writes that...
As argued in McKeown (2007), ...
... argument seems to be invalid (McKeown, 2007).

Entering the reference to Endnote:

See page 12 of this guide: http://www.library.uq.edu.au/training/citation/apa_6.pdf (table, row 5).

Constructionism v. constructivism - whats the difference???

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Quote From zelda:

Does anybody know? Im trying to get my head around it, but just cant...I definitely understand (social) constructionism...but whats the 'v' for?

According to Oxford Dictionary of Sociology, the term constructionism is used in sociology and constructivism in psychology. The terms are tightly linked.

According constructionism, the world around us is socially constructed rather than being objective. Constructivism is said to refer to our psychological (cognitive) processes and structures at individual level. In other words, how we perceive world as individuals.

Paper Help Fiasco - Walminski Investigates!

Quote From walminskipeasucker:

I've decided to become an investigative journalist, just like that Dancing on Ice Star supremo - Donald McIntyre. I've contacted Wulters Kluwer, Science Direct, Emerald, Jstor, Gale and Infotrac and asked them one simple question:

"Is it okay to download a journal article from your site (at a uni that subscribes) and send it to an interested 3rd party for non-commercial gain?"

Guess what they all said - yes, that's fine. Provided it is a read only copy - no problems at all. A couple of them even laughed at my question, as if I was being stupidly anal about it.

So, I've procrastinated in a productive way and found out that there is nothing deviant or unlawful about sharing a read only pdf copy of an article with a thrid party colleague.

Case closed. :-)

Case closed, indeed. But before really closing the case, I have to point out that you were very selective regarding publishers to whom you decided to call or email. There are a lot of publishers who do not allow unauthorised third party users to use their paid material (Cambridge Journals and Oxford Journals being among them). Or this is at least what is stated in their licence documents..

But it is really a good thing that so many publishers allow sharing articles.. so I really want to thank you for investigating this :-)

Case closed.

paper help please

Quote From peljam:


What you seem to be describing is the gateway theory of criminal behaviour. Usually applied to drug use. And usually pretty easily refuted. If it's difficult to find a link between smaller illegal behaviour and larger when addictive substances are involved then it's probably going to be impossible here. No matter how much I want to read a paper I very rarely experience a rush doing so!

You'd be better off looking at things like white collar crime and work place fraud, and the links to opportunity etc. Already heavily researched but much more productive. The basic general findings are that many people will steal from a place of work if given the chance and a certain confluence of events. They don't start small and get bigger but instead are just opportunistic. So you don't have to worry about us moving on from illicit paper use, to whole journals, raiding the British Library and then hold all the first editions to ransom if we don't get the crown jewels and a helicopter.

Ah, the old good gateway theory.

That was not in my mind when I wrote the earlier post. I did not assume that plagiarisation or falsification of data are more severe types of behaviour than copyright infringement. My hypothesis was that they are at the same level and was thinking of changing behaviour from one category to another horizontally.

Quote From peljam:

You're making an awfully big assumption there. I know people, myself included, who would avoid publishing in a large popular journal, paid or otherwise, (such as Nature), in favour of a journal we feel best fits the work we've done. One with the correct audience, a journal we feel might have higher submission standards (though not kudos) that other options.

Also, I and many others couldn't care less about the impact factor. There's no point twisting your research out of shape so it fits the profile of a higher impact journal if that journal lacks the relevance and target audience you're aiming for. I'm sure I'm not the only one who doesn't have a problem with using an open access journal, so long as the standards of review and submission are adequate.

Like I said, you're making a huge, unsubstantiated assumption there. That we're all somehow hypocrites. I wouldn't kick start your research with it

Well, I am aware of the fact that a lot of researchers use widely small and open access journals but the other side of the story is, however, that often people are advised and encouraged (by their tutors, supervisors, professors etc.) to publish in reputable, popular, paid journals. It might be so that this happens more often in countries -- U.S.? -- where the competition in academic settings is more fierce than in UK or Europe..

There is a comparable situation in the world of ICT. Linux, Scribus, OpenOffice.org, JabRef, LyX, Zotero, Mendeley (these are examples of software which I use in my studies) and thousands of other operating systems and software can be used freely but usually people select Windows, MS Office, EndNote etc. And sometimes pirated and cracked version of these. Why?

Why is not the free alternative considered to be the best (even it was)?

I was making big assumptions but in my opinion they are as right or wrong assumptions than yours. You were referring to your
own experiences and people who you know. I was making a justifiable argument that publishing academic material is a big business
and people tend to publish in and read paid and popular journals more than open access journals.

The quality of open access journals do not increase if people do not use them..

Quote From peljam:

Better that than sit and do nothing. Laws aren't automatically just and fair because they are law.

Vigilantism is surely a quick way to advance one's interests but it has had often unwanted effects.

paper help please

Quote From sneaks:

I did, but in discussing and collecting information about the topic, I would consider that in some way research.

Then people are conducting a lot of research on this forum! But I haven't seen you asking other people to reveal their motives.
Are you tormenting me just because I raised the issue at hand?

There is a big difference between informal discussions on Internet forums and formal research.

paper help please

Quote From cakeman:

Are we not overlooking the fact that as researchers we are attempting to further the field of human knowledge, therefore information to that extent is nobody's intellectual property as long as it is used for no commercial gain by the individual?

Maybe if we were drug companies or something we should have to pay for this information, but otherwise it should be free, and any attempts to make money from this should be largely circumvented as is currently the case where people give each other journals. Ethically it all makes perfect sense to me.

Information SHOULD be free. It is interesting how slowly open access journals become respectable sources in academic community.

But should we breach the law (and terms and conditions, and contracts and licences) to make things change?

If we are given an opportunity to select in which journal to publish our papers, do we select a paid journal published by a big company or an internet-based open access journal? I think that many authors will choose the first option. It is paradoxal. We are speaking about free flow of information here but when we have to select between a reputable paid journal with a high impact factor and an unknown free digital open access journal the right to free information has mystically dissappeared from our thoughts.

paper help please

Quote From sneaks:

does that mean I've been some kind of participant in your research? Can I have a right to withdraw, or even some informed consent would be nice.

No. You should read my previous message a little bit more carefully.

paper help please

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Quote From sneaks:

I suppose it is 'possible', but I very much doubt that people who are conscientious enough to make sure they are well-read on their subject of choice, would then decide to falsify results.

Actually, that happens very often. Even leading researchers in some fields have, for example, falsified, fabricated, modificated or recalibrated their data..
Not all students or faculty members share the same moral values as the most of us do..

Quote From sneaks:

So if you are ok with borrowing, is it ok if Satchi reads the paper and makes sure she emails it back to JC? :p

I am afraid that it does not work that way in cyberspace. Technically the copy Satchi sends
back to JC is not the same which she received.. :p

With regard to Phdbug's suggestion of giving me royal ignore, I have to ask is the topic of the thread something which is a taboo and should not be discussed?

I am sorry if people here feel that my postings have been a continuous attack on this community and its members. That was not my intention.

I am doing a criminology-related degree and I am especially interested in deviant behaviour in cyberspace. My research interests lie in the fields of policing (private and public) and security in cyberspace and virtual communities and the illegal delivery of digital content is tightly related to my research interests.

However, I want to point out that I am not doing research here..

I just wanted to discuss the matter in order to hear opinions and find interesting points which I have possibly missed. Research and published articles in this area usually concentrate on the delivery of pirated music, movies and games. The delivery of academic or professional material in social networks seems to be an under-researched topic.. and that's why I have been thinking that it could be a good topic for a research proposal (I have been thinking of applying to postgraduate study for the 2011 intake).

paper help please

Quote From sneaks:

Borrowing a paper to read, and then properly citing the author within your own work is entirely different to plagarism.

Nothing wrong with borrowing. However, I have been writing about using material illegally.

Quote From sneaks:

Are you suggesting that because we want to learn and expand our minds on the various theories/research out there by sharing it among us, we'll suddenly say "oh actually, this scientific lark is a bit silly, why don't I just make up some results and publish them!?"

If a person justifies copryright infringement on the grounds presented in this thread (mainly difficulties to obtain research papers by using legal means), would it be possible that the same person could start plagiarising others or manipulating research data to make things easier for him/her?

In other words, is there really a strict line between certain types of deviant behaviour (in this case between copyright infringement and other academic misconduct)?

I am not suggesting anything. I just wanted to discuss would it possible that one type of behaviour leads to other type of behaviour..

paper help please

I am happy that my orginal post got the attention it deserved in a form of long thread of replies.

Let's change the direction of the discussion a little bit and forget the economics of electronic publishing.

How long is the pathway from using illegal or infringed material to plagiarisation and fabricating research results?


paper help please

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Quote From satchi:

he told me to quickly go and photocopy one chapter which he said would help me


So obviously the license was not paid by the university.

Yes it was. Your university has obtained a CLA licence which allows photocopying of books, articles and other material.

The Comprehensive HE licence licence allows individuals to copy up to one chapter or 5% of a book (http://www.cla.co.uk/data/pdfs/he/he_comp_aug10.pdf).

So your supervisor seems to be a well-informed and law-abiding citizen.. :p

A Good Idea

Quote From jepsonclough:

I have a good idea. Instead of asking can anyone get me a copy of an article, we should say can anyone read this article for me and make notes - then we wouldn't be breaching copyright or inciting others to.

And we won't upset eskobastion :p

I think I detect a hint of [well-earned] sarcasm here.. ;-)

paper help please

Quote From Eskobastion:

======= Date Modified 13 Oct 2010 17:17:08 =======
Quote From walminskipeasucker:

Authorized Users [someone at an institution that subscribes to the journal] may transmit to a third-party colleague in hard copy or electronically, a single article or item from Wiley InterScience for personal use or scholarly, educational, or scientific research or professional use but not for re-sale.

Thanks for correcting me. I appreciate it.

That is why I wrote in another reply that I would not personally deliver a copy of an article to somebody who I don't know personally.
And not on an online forum.

I could not be sure if the recipient uses the article really "for personal use or scholarly, educational, or scientific research or professional use but not for re-sale". And if the unknown recipient decides to duplicate the article (or ebook, or an issue of a journal) and sell or distribute it widely I can't do anything about it..

In addition, there are a lot of other publishers whose terms and policies are not as user-friendly as Wiley's..

paper help please

======= Date Modified 13 Oct 2010 18:00:07 =======

Quote From jepsonclough:

Quote From Eskobastion:

As for the quickness, I consider it not to be a good excuse. Why should we get everything fast or now?

Well I hope you remember that quickness is not an excuse next time you are up against a submission deadline and the British Library is your only legal hope - if you can afford to wait a week for an article then some (not me of course) might think you are underemployed.

Many of us are doing our PhDs part time while balancing full time jobs, health difficulties, caring responsbilities (children, parents with dementia etc) and we squeeze our research into the evenings, weekends and annual leave. In those cases if we don't get the article now it will be of no use to us.

You are obviously in a far more priviliged position than many of us and I think you should appreciate that and not criticise the rest of us.

I am a part-time distance learner. I started my degree when I was deployed abroad (peacekeeping mission). I wrote my first papers in my "academic career" in my accommodation container at nights. Now I am working full time (and I have to travel often). I have a daughter to whom I must (and I want to) devote my time after I come home from work. In addition, my partner studies part-time too, and we have to share our study time. So I am able to study at nights and in the weekends. I finished my last essay 0400 hrs in the morning in a hotel room so I was able to sleep two hours before I had to wake up. This situation is very stressful.

But I must confess you something. I am not a postgraduate student; I am a mature undergraduate student. However, my aim is not to get a degree but to get a first class degree. In addition, I want to (and it seems that I am able to) publish something before I graduate.

So I kind of "have been there, done that." But obviously my experiences are nothing if compared to the emotional and physical burdens of PhD students..

But I would not use anything I have written above to explain my deviant behaviour if I decided to do something which could be considered to be illegal.

paper help please

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Duplicate. Removed.